MANUFACTURING

SHAPER: DEFINITION, PRINCIPLE, TYPES, OPERATIONS, ADVANTAGES & DISADVANTAGES

What is a Shaper? Shaper is a reciprocating machine tool in which the ram moves the cutting tool back and forth in a straight line. It is primarily intended for the production of flat surfaces. These surfaces can be horizontal, vertical or inclined. Basically, the modeler can create any surface from straight elements. Modern shapers …

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Centerless grinding

8 Answers to the Most Frequently Asked Questions About Centerless Grinding

What is centerless grinding? Centerless grinding is used for solid parts with diameters from 0.1 mm to 175 mm. Even parts with a length of 10 mm and 5 m are centerless grinded.  It is possible for pins, shafts and rings to have strict outer diameter tolerances, precise roundness and smooth surfaces.  This process is …

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Types of laser

TYPES OF LASER

How many types of laser are there? The two main types of laser are mentioned as follows: PYROLITHIC AND PHOTOLITHIC LASER The laser beam has a high power density, especially when it is focused on a small spot on the surface of the workpiece . Depending on the wavelength, the light beam interacts with the …

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CUTTING FLUIDS: Function, Classification, Selection & Evaluation

What is the main function of cutting fluid? The main function of the cutting fluids is: 1. Cool the tool and workpiece (cooling effect). 2. Reduce the friction between the tool and workpiece (lubrication effect).3. Remove chips (flushing effect).4. Provide a safe working environment (non misting, non-toxic, non-flammable, non-smoke). How is the classification of cutting fluids? Actually …

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